1 made hard or flexible or resilient especially by heat treatment; "a sword of tempered steel"; "tempered glass" [syn: treated, hardened, toughened] [ant: untempered]
2 adjusted or attuned by adding a counterbalancing element; "criticism tempered with kindly sympathy" [ant: untempered]
- Of one's disposition.
- ''The Pyncheon Elm, throughout its great circumference, was all alive, and full of the morning sun and a sweet-tempered little breeze, which lingered within this verdant sphere, and set a thousand leafy tongues a-whispering all at once. This aged tree appeared to have suffered nothing from the gale. — Edgar Allen Poe, The House of the Seven Gables'', Chapter 19.
- Pertaining to the metallurgical process for finishing metals.
- 1851 ''"Not forged!" and snatching Perth's levelled iron from the crotch, Ahab held it out, exclaiming -- "Look ye, Nantucketer; here in this hand I hold his death! Tempered in blood, and tempered by lightning are these barbs; and I swear to temper them triply in that hot place behind the fin, where the white whale most feels his accursed life!" — Herman Melville, Moby Dick.
- Of something moderated or balanced by other considerations.
- 1792 The downcast eye, the rosy blush, the retiring grace, are all proper in their season; but modesty, being the child of reason, cannot long exist with the sensibility that is not tempered by reflection — Mary Wollstonecraft, A Vindication of the Rights of Woman.''
- Pertaining to the well-tempered scale, where the twelve notes per octave of the standard keyboard are tuned in such a way that it is possible to play music in any major or minor key and it will not sound perceptibly out of tune.
- past of temper
Temperare (to mix correctly) is the Latin origin of words like "temperature" and "tempering"; it and "tempo" come, in turn, from tempus (time or season). Thus, the word "temper" can refer (at least informally) to any time- and temperature-sensitive process (as for chocolate tempering or tempered glass), a material's thermo-mechanical history (including cold work and cryogenic hardening), or even its composition.
Temper may mean:
- Temper-3D, CAD program for calculating temperature in any 3D objects
- Tempering, in metallurgy, a heat treatment technique for metals and alloys; also a method for producing toughened glass
- Tempering, in cooking, refers to the frying of spices (particularly in the cuisines of South Asia) to release their aroma; called chaunk in Hindi
- In music, temper describes the method used to tune an instrument to produce a pleasing sound
- The Well-Tempered Clavier is a composition by Bach making use of well tempered tuning
- Tempered representation in mathematics
- Temperament, in psychology, the general nature of an individual's personality
- Tempering, in chocolate manufacture, a method of increasing the shine and durability of chocolate couverture
- A display of anger
- Temper (band), an American dance music group
aged, annealed, chastened, conditioned, constrained, controlled, developed, full-blown, full-fledged, full-grown, fully developed, hardened, heat-treated, hedged, hedged about, hushed, in control, in full bloom, in hand, leavened, limited, mature, mellow, mellowed, mitigated, modified, modulated, qualified, quelled, restrained, restricted, ripe, seasoned, softened, stable, subdued, toughened